All About Football

All About Football, Football is the most popular game worldwide; it has the largest number of followers and the largest number of players who play it, according to FIFA reports, at the end of the 20th century there are about 250 million players and more than 1.3 billion followers and spectators, and football is an accessible sport where it can be practised in various places such as sports halls, official stadiums, even streets, parks or many others. From other places.

Learn All About Football

Football is a team sport based on the principle of cooperation and team spirit, where two teams are formed consisting of eleven players who pass the ball among themselves in order to enter it in the opponent’s goal, and in the meantime, they are forbidden to use their hands to deal with the ball, except the goalkeeper who is allowed to do so as long as inside what is known as the penalty area, and the game ends with the victory of the team that scores the largest number of goals in the goal of the opponent.

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All About Football equipment

The ball.

Many international companies manufacture football ball with sophisticated, modern and progressive designs since the history of their initial industry, which dates back nearly 100 years; Only cut, and these developments were followed by the design of new balls in 2013.


The average length of the stadium over which the football match takes place is approximately 100 meters, while the average width of the game is 60 meters, but this varies in accordance with the laws of the International Federation of Football (FIFA), where the Federation has established official dimensions of the size of the football stadiums, especially those on which the official matches of the game are held, where the minimum length of the stadium must not be less than 90 meters and not more than 120 meters, and not less than the width of the game. At a maximum of 45 metres and no more than 90 metres, the world’s famous football stadiums are usually 105*68 m in dimensions such as the Camp Nou, Old Trafford and others.

The pitch consists of several parts such as the part known as the goal area and the penalty area, the goal area is defined as a square-shaped area located within the penalty area which is located in front of the team’s goal, and according to FIFA rules this area is 18.32 m wide including the same goal distance and 5.5 m from the back line of the stadium, and this area is fully contained in a part known as the penalty area which also includes the penalty mark, and the depth of the penalty area in the team area 16.5m while the total width is 40.32m including the goal area, and the penalty mark is drawn within the penalty area and specifically 11 meters from the goal line.

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Players’ equipment

Safety is an important thing to achieve and its presence in any equipment for footballers, so according to international law of the Football Association, footballers are prohibited from wearing any kind of equipment that may cause danger to the player himself and other players, including all kinds of jewelry, gangs, leather and rubber ties, and the referee of the game has a responsibility to check the players and make sure they do not wear any of these things, or even make them take them off if any, The equipment that a footballer must wear during matches varies, the player must be wearing a shirt with sleeves, trousers, shoes and socks as well as a special tool to protect the legs worn under socks, and the player must not remove the protective tools of his legs and wear an alternative one if he loses the one he wears.

It should be noted that if socks are covered with anything as duct tape, for example, it must be in a color similar to the color of the socks themselves, and as these tools are an important part of the game and mandatory in the game of football, the colors of this equipment is also important, as both teams must wear different clothes and different from the other and different from the referee’s dress as well, and the goalkeeper must avoid wearing the same dress as the players of the team or the dress of the team Similar to the match referee dress, if players wear any t-shirts, they must be similar to the color prevailing in the sleeve of the shirt, but for the underwear can be worn if they are similar to the color shown under the shorts or the main color of it, and the goalkeepers of both teams are allowed to wear the same color of the shirt in the absence of a replacement.


The goal or what is known as each team’s goal is placed on the centre of the goal line, and the goal has two side lists, each of which is placed equally from the corner signal, and these two lists are connected from the top by a horizontal keel, and these two lists, in addition to the crossbar, must be manufactured in the form of a circular, square, rectangular or oval, but provided that they do not pose a threat to the players in any way, and are made from certain materials such as wood or Other materials, the width of the goal or goal of the internal aspects of the two side lists is 7.32 meters, while its height from the lower edge of the crossbar to the ground is 2.44 meters, and the lists and the crossbar conditions must be met All must be displayed and thickened, which must not exceed 12cm each, and these three elements must be painted white, the goal grids are installed both in the position and the ground, and the entire goal must be fixed to the ground.

All About Football laws
All About Football laws

All About Football laws

Players and switches

The football match is played through two teams consisting of a maximum of eleven players, including the goalkeeper, and a minimum of seven players, as the arrival of one of the two teams to less than this number may lead to the cancellation of the game, depending on how this shortage of players occurs, and if the game is held in accordance with laws in which the players of the two teams must be named, it is not allowed to participate anyone outside the elements that have been named and included in the list of plays, and vary The number of changes allowed for players of both teams depending on the different nature of the game, as each team is allowed to switch five of its players in some competitions, while only three are allowed to be replaced in the first club matches or team matches, and some categories of teams are allowed to switch six or twelve players, and in this type of matches both teams must agree on the number to be replaced and then the referee is informed of this.

All the main players of the game and reserve are under the authority of the referee of the game, and in the event of a change from one of the two teams, the referee must be informed of the existence of a waiting switch and then give the referee permission to make the switch so that the player to be replaced out of the field, then the substitute player is entered to become essential in the game, and one of the players on the field may be replaced by the goalkeeper provided that the referee is informed of this, and then the change takes place during any stop to play, and in case one of the players on the field is expelled Players before submitting the list of names of players it can not be included in the list provided, but if he is expelled after his name is on the list, he can be replaced by another player without counting this procedure as an official model, but if he is expelled after the start of the game it may not be replaced by another player, and in the event that any person other than the main players enters the field, the referee must intervene to remove him from the field, and the team leader is considered the person responsible for directing the behavior of His team does not have any special advantages on the pitch.


The referee is the first and last responsible for the course of play that occurs in the football match, where this person applies the laws of the game at his discretion as he sees fit, and the decisions of the referee and his assistants are final decisions to be implemented, as he is concerned with calculating or cancelling the goals and determining the outcome of the game, and the referee of the game a team of referees consisting of two assistant referees who provide him with advice and advice in everything related to the game, and there may sometimes be a fourth assistant appointed As an alternative to the referee of the game in case he is unable to complete and complete the arbitration process and may have some other duties placed by him the first referee, and the staff of assistant referees is not limited to referees located on the field where there can be assistant referees for the technique of replay through video, and these referees are present off the field, and the referees of football are accredited after training and giving them the expertise and skills they need.

Duration of the match

The football match is played over two halves, each lasting 45 minutes, and the referee can reduce this period if the two teams agree to do so and if the laws of the competition allow it to be done, these two halves include a maximum break of a quarter of an hour, but if the additional runs are reached, the players of the two teams can be given a very short break that may not exceed five minutes and not give any break time between the two additional halves.

Sneaking into football

The law of infiltration in football is one of the most difficult laws of the game, since decisions are made according to the discretion of the referee of the game and there are many delicate cases that may constitute confusion for some in relation to the law of infiltration, there are cases where the player is in the event of infiltration but does not commit a violation of infiltration, and there are other cases where the player is not in an infiltrating position but the arrival of the ball to him makes him fall for this offense, and there are some times in the game does not During which the law of infiltration is applied at all.

Mistakes in football

There are many types of mistakes made in a football match, and the penalties for these mistakes vary depending on many things such as the nature of the mistake committed and the place where it was committed, and a free kick is calculated directly to the opposing team and executed from the place of the error in the event of an offence committed by any of the players of the team in which the referee considers that the player used excessive force excessively, recklessly and excessively, such as doing the silence of the opposing team player, jumping on it, kicking it, or even trying to kick it, or beat it, Or try to hit him, push him, obstruct him, make an attempt to obstruct him, attack him, catch him, intercept him, spit on him, or touch the ball deliberately and this latter does not apply to the goalkeepers, and there is another type of mistake that is made on the ground, which requires giving the opponent what is known as a penalty kick when the player makes any of the previous mistakes in any part of the penalty area of the opposing team, and during the time of continued Playing.

Indirect free kicks are the last type of mistakes earned for the opposing team, where the opponent is given an indirect kick if the goalkeeper prolongs the time to keep the ball in his hands, or throws it and catches it again before another player touches it, or he holds the ball with his hands in passing it deliberately from one of his team’s players, and this offense is calculated in case one of the players obstructs the goalkeeper in such a way as to prevent him from passing the ball between His hands, or making any mistake that is not mentioned in the direct free-kick laws, may also be calculated when a player is dismissed or play stops for a certain reason.

The referee of the game has the power to issue any disciplinary sanctions in response to any of the mistakes committed, where he can declare the yellow card as a warning to one of the main players or substitutes, while the red card is declared to expel a key player or alternative from the game, the authority of the referee and his authority to declare cards is not limited to players on the field or even during the time of the game only, as he can declare such cards to the substitutes or basic players and during the time of the game or Even after the final whistle is released and until the players leave the stadium, the player may receive any of these cards if he attacks one of the opposing team players, one of his team’s players or even a member of the referees’ staff.

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All About Football History

Football has its roots in many games throughout history, and the novels vary in the origins of some of these games, but they all remain based on people’s sense of happiness to kick the ball since ancient times. It is based on the principle of kicking a ball of skin containing feathers and hair with the aim of inserting it into a mesh mounted on bamboo sticks and without using hands in the game.

Football has its roots in many games throughout history, and the novels vary in the origins of some of these games, but they all remain based on people’s sense of happiness to kick the ball since ancient times. It is based on the principle of kicking a ball of skin containing feathers and hair with the aim of inserting it into a mesh mounted on bamboo sticks and without using hands in the game.

Another sport of kicking the ball appeared in Japan after nearly 500 to 600 years, where the game was based on the principle of playing ball between a group of players who stand circularly and turn the ball among themselves in order to prevent its contact with the earth and was named Kerami on that game that still exists so far in Japanese culture, and the ancient Greeks developed their own game, and in the modern era England is the starting point of the most popular game in the world in its form This dates back about 100 years, specifically in 1863, when the Football and Rugby Federations formed the world’s first football federation, making it the first private institution to sponsor football.

The most important championships of the football teams
The most important championships of the football teams

The most important championships of the football teams

World Cup

The world cup, which is held once every four years, is the most popular sports tournament in the world, as it has billions of spectators in each of its tournaments, and this tournament determines the sports team, which is considered the world champion in football, and this tournament was organized by FIFA for the first time in 1930 and crowned Uruguay the first version of this tournament, and this tournament has been held periodically since that date except The period that accompanied the outbreak of World War II, and the number of teams participating in the World Cup 32 teams comprising the most skilled players from different countries, and it was the Frenchman Jules Remé who proposed the establishment of this world championship, and in honor of him the cup won by the champion of the championship was named after him, and this cup continued to move from one champion to another until it was fully awarded to the Brazilian team, which won it for the third time in 1970, before winning it in In 1958 and 1962, a new World Cup was created by FIFA.

Continental Cups

European Cup

It is one of the international competitions held on the continent of Europe; this tournament for the men’s teams of European countries is held once every four years, and this tournament was held for the first time in 1960 in France, and was crowned by the State of the Soviet Union at the time after beating Yugoslavia 2-1, and Germany and France are more than winning titles at the European Championship, each winning three titles, while France has won two titles, and the seven are divided The remaining titles are against Czechoslovakia, Greece, Portugal, Denmark, the Soviet Union, Italy and the Netherlands, and Spain is the first country to win the European Cup twice in a row in 2008 and 2012.

Latin American Cup

Known as Copa América, the oldest international championship for the world’s national teams, it was piloted in 1910 and then declared an official tournament in 1916 as part of Argentina’s 100th anniversary celebrations. The year 1975, which saw the launch of its 30th edition and the change of its name to the current one known to it, was accompanied by the change in many laws of the tournament, such as the distribution of teams in groups.

Asian Cup of Nations

The Asian Cup is held once every four years like the European ones, and was held in its first edition, won by South Korea in 1956, and was organized in Hong Kong with the participation of 12 AFC founders, japan is the most successful country to have won the Asian Cup titles, winning it on four occasions, followed by Saudi Arabia and Iran, which have won this tournament three times each, and qualify for 16. A football team to the tournament from the stage of qualifying, and then these teams play within the group system to move from only eight to the next stage, which is considered the knockout stage in the direct confrontations between the two teams, and the Asian Cup of Nations was held in many countries of the Asian continent.

African Cup of Nations

It is a special tournament for the football teams in The Continent of Africa, held once every two years, and Egypt was crowned champion of the opening edition held in Sudan in 1957, and this tournament witnessed the participation of Egypt and Sudan in the group, Ethiopia and South Africa in another group that saw direct qualification to Ethiopia at the expense of South Africa, which was excluded from the tournament, and Egypt beat Ethiopia 4-0 in the final, and considers the African Cup of Nations tournament The third mass in the world after the World Cup and the European Championship.

All About Football club championships

There are many football tournaments held at the club level in one country, and the following shows the most important of these tournaments:

  1. La Liga Championship.
  2. Premier League Championship.
  3. Bundesliga championship.
  4. Serie A Championship.
  5. French League Championship.

International Football Federation (FIFA)

The world’s most prominent sports organization, founded in 1904 with 209 members, has established the Federation of Football Associations of Belgium, the Netherlands, France, Spain, Switzerland, Sweden and Denmark to serve as a bridge between each country’s national federations and promote joint action and cooperation among these federations, and has been a marketing booster for football to confront American football and rugby. Robert Goren, a French national, is fifa’s first president and has held the post for only two years.

The president of the International Federation of Seven people except italian Gianni Infantino, the current president of FIFA, and it is noteworthy that Jules Rimet, one of the seven presidents, held this position for 33 consecutive years from 1921 to 1954, and the International Federation contributed to making football the most popular sport in the world, and has become the owner of the authority and the position of decision-making in all matters related to football laws and rules of play and the policy of player transfer and the establishment of the foundations of organizing competitions and establishing various tournaments Supervision, many other activities and matters related to the sport.

The benefits of football

There are many benefits from playing football, and the most important of these benefits are shown:

  1. Increases the physical strength of the body and develops muscles.
  2. Reduces the accumulated fat in the player’s body.
  3. Improves respiratory efficiency and maintains cardiovascular health.
  4. Increases a person’s physical endurance and gives him more flexibility.
  5. It is a sport that is generally beneficial to health, because of its different patterns of movement such as
  6. walking, jogging or jogging.
  7. The game of football increases the ability of its players to discipline and perseverance.
  8. Enhances teamwork, coordination and communication skills.
  9. Increase focus and thinking skills to get out of emergency situations.
  10. It offers the opportunity to meet new people and engage in group activity with friends, as well as being an international sport.
  11. Increases human self-confidence and self-esteem.
  12. Reduces people’s anxiety.
  13. It can be easily learned, and its practice does not require much of its own equipment.

Now we can say that we know All About Football and here are some important sources for it.


  1. “Aerodynamic Study of FIFA-approved Footballs”
  2. “The football field and its dimensions”
  3. Sports Dimensions Guide For Playing Areas.
  4. “LAW 3: THE PLAYERS”.
  7.  Laws of the Game.
  8. “Understanding FIFA Law 11: Offside”.
  9. “Football history”.
  10. “World Cup”.
  11. “UEFA European (Euro) Championship Winners”.
  12. “Copa América”.
  13. “Asian Cup”.
  14. “Country coefficients”.
  15. “FIFA”.
  16. “Soccer – health benefits”.
  17.  “What are the overtime rules for the Women’s World Cup?”.

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