The history of basketball began with its invention in 1891 in Springfield (Massachusetts) by Canadian physical education coach James Naismith as a sport less susceptible to injury than football. The game went viral, growing popular with the beginning of the 20th century, first in America and then around the world. The basketball evolution started by the National Basketball Association (NBA), established in 1946, evolved into a multibillion-dollar institution by the end of the century, and basketball became an integral part of American culture.
Smith’s Basic Rules
There were only thirteen basketball bases:
- The ball is thrown in any direction in one or both hands.
- The ball can be hit in any direction by one or both hands.
- The player cannot run with the ball, but she must throw it from the spot he was grabbing, and allow the player to hold the ball if it is going too quickly.
- The ball should be kept in the hands, and the arm or body should not be used to hold the ball.
- Shoulder beating, pushing, tripping or beating in any way is not permitted for the deduction. If this rule is first infringed by anyone, it counts a mistake, and the second encroachment puts it out until the next goal, or if there is a clear intention to injure the person, he is dismissed to the end of the game, and there is no substitute for it.
- The error is played by hitting the ball with a fist.
- If either side misses three consecutive errors it calculates a goal for the opposition team.
- The goal is calculated when the ball is hit or thrown into the basket so that it stays there. If the ball lies on the edge and the opponent moves the basket, it counts as a goal.
- When the ball comes out of the limits of the heel it must be received in the field played by the first person who touched it. In the event of controversy, the viewing referee throws it directly into the field. If any side continues to postpone the game, the referee must direct a mistake at them.
- The viewer referee is the judge on the players and must notice the errors, notifying the stadium referee when three consecutive errors occur.
- The referee is the ball judge, decides when the ball is in play, in bounds, the side to which it belongs, and keeps time. It must decide when the goal has been achieved and calculate the goals.
- Fifteen minutes per half, with five minutes at half-time.
- A team that scores most goals at that time must be a winner. In case of a draw, the game can continue, with the agreement of the leaders of the Africans, until another goal is achieved.
Some of Dr. Smith’s rules are evolving
They were already peach baskets and they were hanging on the wall and the bottom was there and then adjusted until they became of a fabric of special specifications.
It was initially a covered yard. The carriage garage, hay store and other buildings were sufficient and considered suitable to play with special standards, dimensions and specifications.
Number of players:
He 9 two players and then he became 7 players or 5 players and then he adjusted until he was now five and the number of team members twelve.
In each team it was one person who would throw all his free throws and now each player would throw the free throws that he had earned as a result of making the mistake against him.
The referee would throw the ball between the heart of the attack after each goal and then cancel this law and it was the team whose basket was injured that would enter it from outside the final boundary.
The practice of women’s basketball began in 1892 within Smith College when Cinda Berenson, a physical education teacher, amended the rules set by Naismith regarding basketball to suit women. Shortly after her appointment within Smith College, Cinda went to Naismith to learn more about the game. Impressed by this new sport and the values it can learn, she organized the first women’s basketball games among female college students on March 21, 1893, when first-year college students played with female sophomores. Cinda’s rules for this game were first published in 1899. Two years later, Cinda became the first instructions manual issued for women’s basketball by AG Spalding, which published women’s basketball rules.
First interested in playing basketball was sent to Young Men’s Christian Associations throughout the United States of America, and this game quickly spread within the United States of America and Canada. By 1895, the game had spread well within many girls’ high schools. Although the Young Men’s Christian Association (YMCA) was initially responsible for the development and dissemination of the game, within only a decade it had become discouraging the new sport because of the iniquity of play and the attention of fanatical audiences to the game had begun to deviate from the YMCA and its core mission. However, amateur sports clubs along with colleges and professional clubs quickly filled the vacuum left by this association. In the years leading up to World War I, the Amateur Athletes’ Federation and the American Inter-College Athletic Players Association (formerly known as the National Intercollegiate Athletes’ Association) competed to control the rules of the game. The first Pro League, the National Basketball League, was established in 1898 to protect players from exploitation and promote advocacy for a less coarse game. This league lasted for only 5 years.
National Basketball Association NBA
The Basketball League was founded in New York City on 6 June 1946 as the American Basketball Association (BAA). The league took the name of the National Basketball Association (NBA) in 1949 after merging with rivals the United States National Basketball League (NBL). As of the early 21st century, the NBA has become the world’s most important basketball league in terms of popularity, salaries, talent, and level of competition.
American Basketball Association
The American Basketball Association (ABA) was founded as a substitute for the NBA in 1967 at a time when the NBA was getting a lot of popularity. The American Basketball Association offered an alternative spirit and a new style of game as well as some rule changes. Julius Irving was the leading player in the league, helping to launch a modern style of play that boasts jumping and playing over the edge. The league emphasized excitement and vitality, whether it be in the color of the ball (red, white and blue), the way of playing, and increasing points such as three play. National recognition and profits were low, prompting the league to seek a way out of its problems. The merger with the most successful and consistent NBA was seen as the solution. The NBA was merged with the NBA in the summer of 1976.
The NBA has helped spread basketball around the world in the present era. Much of this is due to the luminous stars that have played the game over the years. It was because Michael Jordan played that basketball began to reach international audiences, especially on the 1992 United States men’s Olympic basketball team, known as the Dream Team.
After the final tournament and the second retirement in 1998, there was a vacuum as in who would be the face of basketball. Shortly after helping Shaquille O’Neal, Kobe Bryant was able to win three consecutive tournaments from 2000-2002 with the Los Angeles Lakers, helping to make basketball more popular in many places around the world. Other tournaments in 2009 and 2010 helped to raise his popularity.
The other player who revolutionized the basketball game was LeBron James. He was named the first overall pick in the 2003 NBA Draft by the Cleveland Cavaliers, and worked his way to become the face of the NBA and basketball worldwide. He left the Cavaliers in 2010 to join the Miami Heat alongside fellow stars Dwyane Wade and Chris Bush in what became known as the controversial decision, winning the championship with him in 2012 and 2013 before returning to the Cavaliers in 2014 where he won a third championship in 2016.
For more information please visit https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_basketball