Formula 1; The Formula 1 or First Class, also known as the Grand Prix, is the highest class of single-seat formula racing and open wheels. The Formula One season consists of a series of races known as the Grand Prix, performed on special tracks prepared for this race, and the race is rarely performed on normal off-track routes. The results of each of the season’s Grand Prix races are collected, and two annual prizes, one for drivers and the other for automotive manufacturers, are determined annually. In Formula One races, the speed of racing cars may exceed 320 km/h (200 mph).
The Center of the Formula 1 games
Europe is the traditional center of the Formula 1 race, its first promoter. However, since 1999, circuits have begun to emerge in Bahrain, China, Malaysia, and Turkey, making the game more popular at a global level. As the most expensive sport, its economic returns are significant. The FIA oversees the sport, and in 2017 Liberty Media was acquired by John S. Malone the company that owns the race.
The formation Date of the competition
After the success and popularity of the European Grand Prix car races in the second and third decades of the 1930s, the thought began to hold a world championship, but the project was interrupted by World War II.
The first Formula 1 race
After the war ended in 1947, the FIA decided to hold the formula 1 world championship and began planning and preparing for it, until the first Formula One races began on April 10, 1950, in Bao.
- 1950 – The first Formula 1 race is held at the Silverstone Circuit in Britain, won by Italian Nino Varina, and also won the first Drivers’ Championship title with the Alfa Romeo team.
- 1951-1957 – Argentine driver Juan Fangio controls the drivers’ titles with competition from Italian Alberto Ascari.
- 1958 – The beginning of the control of British companies and drivers.
- 1958 – was named the first manufacturer’s tournament for the British company Vanwall.
- 1958 – Morocco hosts the Formula One race for the first and last time in its history on the Ain Diab Circuit and wins the British race Manual driver Sterling Moss.
- 1960 – 1970 – British makers dominated the tournament such as Cooper, BRM, and Lotus with competition from Ferrari.
- 1962 – British Lotus made major development in car design after participating in its one-piece chassis, made of shock-resistant aluminum.
- 1968 – Lotus paints her car with a fee to advertise a cigarette item for the first time to enter the official sponsor system in Formula One.
- 1968Entering the suite system in cars to increase speed and reduce air resistance.
- 1969 – The wings system is abolished for the frequent accidents caused by the loss of the vehicle to the ward amid the races.
- 1970 – 1980 British makers dominated Lotus, McLaren, and Williams with competition also from # Ferrari.
- 1974 – Founding the Formula One Federation of Manufacturers to preserve their rights.
- 1977 – Introduction of Turbo into some cars.
- 1978 – Lotus designed a ground impact system that made cars stick to the maximum degree of land
- 1979 – Founding of the FIA.
- 1981 – The first Concorde Agreement between the Federation of Manufacturers and FIA (FIA) following the escalation of disputes over television profits resulted in the cancellation of several races. The Convention saw teams awarded a specific percentage of the tournament’s profits.
- 1983 – Decommissioning the ground impact system to impair the vehicle’s control capability.
- 1983 – Turbo is widespread in most Formula One vehicles.
- 1988 – 1993 Strong competition between Brazilian Erton Senna and French now Prost McLaren drivers for the drivers’ title, which ended in 1993 with Prost’s retirement.
- 1994 – Brazilian Erton Senna died after a horrific accident in the San Marino race.
- 1997 – A new 10-year Concorde Convention regulating the distribution of profits and the amendment of competition laws was held.
- 1990 – 1998 – British teams T Williams and McLaren dominated the constructors’ titles.
- 1998-2000 – German Michael Schumacher and Finland’s Mika Hakkinen compete for drivers’ titles.
- 2000 – 2004 – Ferrari and German driver Michael Schumacher dominated all Formula One titles breaking all records.
- 2005- Renault won its first maker’s title, and Spanish driver Fernando Alonso (24), the youngest driver in Formula One history, won the driver’s title.
- 2006- Renault and Alonso are heroes again, and German seven-time world champion Michael Schumacher announces his retirement from Formula One.
- 2007- After one of the most exciting seasons in F1 history, Finland’s Kemi Raikkonen of Ferrari wins the constructors’ title in the final race of the season, after intense competition from the newcomer, British McLaren’s Lewis Hamilton. The season saw Ferrari’s spying scandal by McLaren, with the latter fined $100 million and stripped of constructors’ championship points.
- 2008 – The first night race in the history of Formula 1 took place in Singapore through a street circuit. The race was won by Renault’s Spanish driver Fernando Alonso. The season saw Britain’s Lewis Hamilton win the World Drivers Championship, making him the youngest champion in the history of Formula 1 and the first tan driver to win the tournament.
- 2009 – Add the Abu Dhabi Grand Prix to the new Yas Marina Circuit, and win the World Championship British driver Jensen Patton, with his team Bruan GB, who achieved the Constructors Championship in the team’s first season of the tournament.
- 2010 – Also witnessed the addition of the Korea Grand Prix on the Korea International Circuit in Youngman. The World Championship was won by German driver Sebastian Vettel.
- 2011 – Saw the addition of the India Grand Prix on the Budha International Circuit. In addition to applying the double rear wing law. The World Championship was won by German driver Sebastian Vettel.
The Formula 1 rules
Vehicles participating in the Formula One Grand Prix must comply with strict laws and regulations. The total height of the vehicle must not be less than 95 centimeters, the width must be less than 180 centimeters, the weight of the vehicle must not be less than 600 kg including the driver, and the car must have one seat for the driver only and the roof of the car is never allowed to be installed. For the safety of drivers, the driver’s whereabouts must always be broad enough to allow the driver to leave his seat in an emergency within a period not exceeding 5 seconds. Turbo engines or those powered by a charger of any kind are never permitted. The installation of a fully automatic transmission is also not permitted. The vehicle is required to operate by rear propulsion only.
Systems determine the size of aerodynamics such as front and rear wings and also determine their places and sizes. In addition, there are several safety regulations and no car is allowed to enter the race unless it has died under all conditions. Formula 1 applies a new points system starting from the 2010 season that gives preference to the race winner and opens up competition between drivers.
Flags required during the Race
- White banner: The drivers are informed that there is a very slow car on the circuit and therefore have to be careful.
- The banner with white and black boxes: marks the end of the race.
- White and black banner: It is raised with the car number to warn the driver that his behaviour is unsportsmanlike and he may face punishment if he continues to do so.
- Yellow banner: indicates an abnormal or dangerous condition on the ring or in its aspects. When this banner appears, drivers must reduce their speed and are not allowed to overtake until the inhibitor’s demise.
- Yellow and red banner: Warns drivers that the circuit is very slippery due to oil leakage from one of the engines or due to heavy rain.
- Blue Flag: The driver informs him that a speeding car approaches him and almost overtakes him and in this case he must allow her to pass.
- Black flag: Raised with the car number to inform the driver that he has to enter the garage immediately and that he has been punished.
- Green banner: indicates the danger end of the ring and usually lifts after finishing dealing with an accident.
- Red flag: When viewing this banner, all cars must stop immediately and enter the garage or any other parking space.
- Black banner with orange circle: raised with the car number to inform the driver that a technical problem has been caused to his car and that he has to enter the garage to repair the malfunction.