The History of Baseball
It is one of the most popular team sports in the United States and some of the other countries of the world. The History of Baseball, remains the focus of controversy among historians, but what is certain is that the emergence and development of this game was of the same roots as cricket, likely descended from Europe, as the recent highlight of a description of a match played in Sri (England) by 1755 goes in this direction.
However, the United States remains a place in the history of the development of the rule ball, being the place where the game was organized and structured. In this regard, the first modern rules of the rule-ball game (the “Nicerbocker Rules”) were codified in the United States by 1845. It was later followed by the establishment of the first patrols between 1857 and 1858, to be in 1869 to allow professionalism in the game, seven years before the establishment of the National League (1876).
Globally, the International Ground ball Federation’s World Cup is the sport’s leading international competition, attracting the attention of top national teams from around the world.
It is very difficult to track the exact history of the evolution of the game of baseballing from old games like that. One ancient French manuscript dating back to 1344 contains an image of clergy playing a similar game, possibly a game of soul ball that originated in French Normandy, which possesses some of the similarities between it and the game of baseballing. In addition to other ancient French games such as thèque and the batting ball (balle au bâton) that appeared there.
Today there is a consensus that contemporary baseball was originally developed in North America by the game’s oldest pioneers, who brought it with them from Britain and Ireland. In this aspect, American baseball historian David Block points out in his book “Baseball Before We Know It: A Search for the Roots of the Game, released by 2005, that the game originated in England; Perhaps the best evidence of this is recent unmasked historical evidence. In his book, Block argues that the rule ball is actually caused by a development imposed by regional changes on some similar ancient English games, such as stoolball and tutball. The first known reference to the baseball game was the British publication A Little Pocket Book, published by 1744 by British publisher John Newbury. Blok discovered that the first games recorded under the name “Pass-Pool” had taken place in Sri Lanka by 1749, where the Prince of Wales appeared as a player.
The first form of the game was brought to North America, specifically to Canada by English immigrants. By the early 1830 years, a variety of unrated ball and stick games had been reported, which could be identified as first forms of baseball throughout North America. With the arrival of 1845, Alexander Cartwright, a member of the Nickerbocker Club in New York City, led a vigorous effort to codify the first rule-ball rules called the Nickerbocker Rules. While it was reported that the New York Nickerbocker had played games in the game during 1845, the only competition recognized as the first officially recorded baseball games in U.S. history was on June 19, 1846, in Hoboken (New Jersey): New York Nine beat Nickerbocker in four innings, 23-for-1. By laying down the rules of Nickerbocker as the basis, the rules of modern rule-ball continued to evolve during the next half century.
In USA Establishment of professional associations
With the arrival of the mid-1850s, Americans in the New York metropolitan area grew increasingly obsessed with the rule-ball game. By 1856, local newspapers referred to the game as a “national hobby” or a “national game.” A year later, the sport’s first governing body, the National Association of Baseball Players, was formed. In 1867, African Americans were banned from the game.
The National Association of Professional Baseball Clubs was formally founded in 1876. During this, professional Negro tournaments were formed in the game. By 1887, the game was invented by Softball, called indoor baseball or indoor baseball, which formed an innovative version of the parent game that could be played in winter.
By 1893, the game’s first surviving league, the American League, was founded from the Western Minor League. In parallel, however, all the rules of the modern game were in effect on the ground. As a result of the 1903 National Agreement, relations between the two major leagues and the national federations of professional baseballs, which represent most of the country’s secondary professional leagues, were formalized. The annual Major League Baseball (MLB) World Cup was founded in North America, where the American League and National League champions compete from 1903.
The Black Sox scandal that accompanied the 1919 World Championships (following this scandal, eight White Sox members were fired after being accused of intentionally losing the tournament in exchange for money) led to the formation of a new National Baseballing Commission that brought together the game’s two main associations. Kennesu Mountain Landis was elected as the league’s first baseballing commissioner by 1920. That year also saw the establishment of the National Negro Association; The first important league was the Black Negro, which continued to operate until 1931. Before that, during the 1920s, she had been joined by the Colored Eastern League.
The baseball around the world
The spread of baseball around the world began mainly during the late 19th century. By 1864, Cuba had reached the first trace of a baseboard. It took about four years, and exactly 1868, to create the first club in the game and then the first tournament by 1878. In parallel, the spread of baseballs continued to reach the Dominican Republic by 1868 and Japan in 1872 (the first baseballing team was founded in 1878, and the first national championship was in 1920). Five years later she arrived in Mexico, then Panama in 1882, and then Nicaragua in 1888 (the country’s first professional tournament, founded in 1956). By 1895 he arrived in Venezuela and Taiwan, and then Korea in 1905, and the Netherlands in 1900 (the Hellenic Game Federation was founded in 1912, followed by the first tournament in 1922). Thus, in Cuba, Taiwan, Nicaragua, Panama, Puerto Rico or, in particular, the Dominican Republic, the country’s national sport has become the norm ball. While becoming a strong soccer competitor in South Korea and Japan.
The American Professional Federation of Canada was founded by 1886: the International Association, which resulted from the merger of the New York State Association, founded in 1885, and the Ontario Association, founded in the same year (1885). The International Society already tested the American League of Canada concept in 1877, but the experiment was interrupted after two seasons. It took until 1969 for the game to move, when the game’s first major Canadian franchise league was created: the Montreal Expo Championships moved by 2005 to Washington. In contrast, the Toronto Blue Jays, founded in 1977, remain the only Canadian team in the Major Base Ball League. For minor leagues, some of Canada’s representative teams are still present, but many previous American-Canadian tournaments have become purely American. In the third tier, elite secondary league, the Pacific Coast Association separated from Canada’s last franchise in 2002: the same for the International League in the autumn of 2007.
The first baseballs were held on French soil by 8 March 1889 on the occasion of the World Expo as part of the Spalding World Tour. It was a match between a select group of National League players and Chicago White Stockings Club. Clubs and competitions were later established in the French city of Paris before World War I. The Federation was founded in 1924 two years before the French Baseball Championship was established in 1926.
The International Baseball Federation, founded in 1938, recognizes 112 national federations. The World Cup is organized by Al Qaeda. Al Qaeda is an Olympic sport from 1992 to 2008, but lost the situation after the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing. By August 2016, the IOC agreed to add baseball/softball to the 2020 Summer Olympics.
Playing a baseball sport between two teams, each composed of nine players, they take turns on the attack (trying to get points by hitting the ball thrown by the bowler from the opposing team) and defending (trying to catch balls hit by the batter and preventing him from scoring points).
For the defence, as mentioned above, there are nine players distributed in the following format: bowler and pick-up plus seven players (four on the field: first base, second rule, third rule, and one in the short stop (between second and third bases) plus three others in the outside of the field left field, center field and right field). Each of these players has the main task of picking up balls and delivering them to the bases prior to the arrival of the runner (after hitting each batsman, he runs to the first base to become in this case a Runner).
Each match consists of nine rounds (seven rounds at the high school level and in colleges and sub-leagues as well as in the case of the same team playing two games in one day, and six roles at the mini-league level), when the match is finished. Each round is divided into two parts, so that each team during each half plays alternately in the defense and attack centers. The goal of the game is to hit the ball inside the field of play and run clockwise around four bases in order and safely reach the main base to score points. By tradition, the team receiving the defense begins. The defending team on the field tries to prevent running opposition players from scoring and scoring exit points, which take the opposition players out of offensive action until their turn to hit the ball.
As far as the attacking team is concerned, it all depends on the batsman, all nine of whom take turns playing their part in order. So that he makes sure to score running points by hitting the opposition team’s pitcher’s throws. After the batter enters the pitch, standing on the batter’s box, the box represents one of the rectangles on the right and left of the main base. Once the batsman hits the ball, he runs towards the first base – to move from “batsman” to “running” – before the defenders grab the ball and deliver it to their friend at the base. In case the jogger can’t reach before the ball reaches the baseman he’ll come out. If he reaches the base, he will be safe at the time. If one player turns a full cycle around the bases take the jogging point. In contrast, if the batsman was able to hit the ball, the latter flew out of the barrier, where the so-called “Home Run” was achieved, the batsman could circle all the bases without harassment and eventually take a point. If there are players running on the bases the moment the batsman does, all these players will also go to the main base they will get a “run” point for each player. The maximum number of points the attacking team can score from the Home Run is four, assuming that each base had a running player, in this case the Home Ren is called the “Grand Slam”
In the world of baseballing, the attacking team often enlists a player with good hitting ability and places him as a first hitter, the latter who must be quick to be able after hitting the ball to reach the first base, something that increases the chance of his team scoring points.
The most important hitter on the offensive team is the fourth hitter to represent his team’s winning card. Since if there are three players from his teammates on the bases and the course comes and he hits the ball scoring Home Ren or Grand Slam, Then his colleagues can go to the main base and score four points at once. Then the tour lasts until three hitters get out, Then this part of the round will be finished, the innings will change and the attacking team will move on to defence and vice versa. If the hitters do not receive the exit mark, the team continues to collect points. In the event of a draw after nine rounds, more rounds are added to make a split decision between the two teams. Many amateur games, especially unregulated games, include a different number of players and tours.
In the baseball game, the referee is the person responsible for the games and is empowered to keep an eye on respecting the rules of the game. Throughout the 1850 years, the task of refereeing matches and directing the game to one referee stationed next to the first rule. But by 1858 this method had been abandoned. During the period between 1887 and 12, two referees, one on the first base and the other in the main, were hired on that date. By 1933 a third rule was added, and then a fourth in 1952. At the World Series, there were two referees in charge of the game until 1908. The third reign emerged in 1909 and the fourth in 1910. After a failed attempt in 1925, the World Series finally adopted six referees to run matches starting in 1947.
In games where there is more than one referee, the main referee responsible is the one behind the board. However, all referees have the same powers to respect the rules of play and discipline. The chief referee behind the board is responsible for tracking alternatives. He is also responsible for balls and their batting area as well as violations.
Equipment and uniforms
The perimeter of the ball is about 23 cm (23.5 cm maximum) with an estimated weight of about 140 grams. It is made of cork and rubber and covered with two mucous leather ribbons (108 stitches).
The length of the racquet (or stick) reaches a maximum length of 1.07 meters, while the diameter is 7 cm. It can be made both from solid wood and from hollow metal alloy, so its weight is not specified.
The gloves worn by the defensive players in the base ball vary depending on the position. The game’s first gloves were used by 1875. But the exact origin of the base ball glove remains unclear. Albert Spalding states that the first glove he saw used in a game worn by first baseman Charles Whitey in Boston by 1875.
Helmets and Hats
Hitters and ball catchers wear helmets on their heads to protect themselves head injuries that may result from violent strikes. The ball pick helmet is more complete and includes a metal mesh to protect the face. The first mask of a ball catcher appeared in May 1876. The batsman wears a helmet without a face net, designed to protect the head side facing the bowler. Wearing a helmet for new hitters has been mandatory in the Major Base Ball League since 1971. The last player without a helmet in the Major Base Ball League was Bob Montgomery in 1979. In contrast, other players wear caps: “Famous baseball caps” (Baseball caps). These hats were designed from 1860. It took its distinctive camampere-like shape during the 1870s, showing the first modern hats of the early 20th century. The front of the hat lasted short until the 1930s, where it was slightly lengthened.
For more information about Baseball history please visit https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_baseball