The History of Volleyball

The History of Volleyball

Volleyball is one of the most popular global sports. Two teams are separated by a high net. The team should hit the ball over the net for the opponent’s area. Each team has three attempts to hit the ball over the net. A team point is calculated when the ball hits the opposition ground, if a foul is made, or if the team fails to properly block and return the ball.

The first country to play the game after the USA was Canada in 1900. The sport is now one of the most popular in Brazil, most of Europe, most notably Italy, the Netherlands and Serbia, as well as Russia and some countries on the Asian continent.

The History of Volleyball 

The origin of the Volleyball

On February 9, 1895, in Holyoke, Massachusetts, William George Morgan, Director of Physical Education at the YMCA Federation, created a new sports game called Mentonite to spend time amusingly, preferring to play the game in lounges and in any number of players. The game took some of its characteristics from padminton, tennis and handball, at a time when basketball was a new sport. Volleyball was created on the basis that it is the least coarse indoor sport of basketball suitable for members of the YMCA Federation.

The History of Volleyball 

Subsequent developments

The first laws of the sport created by William required a network at an altitude of 1,98 m, in the middle of the playing field that should be 15,2 m on 7,6 m. The number of players is limited to a match of 9 receptions and 3 dispatches per team. Until 1900, no volleyball ball was made, nor were the laws of the game in that period the way we know today. After the first show of the game in 1896, the name of the sport was replaced by “volleyBall”, meaning current volleyball. Sports then made many changes in the rules (as with basketball).

The History of Volleyball 

Volleyball at the Olympics

The World Volleyball Federation (FIVB) was founded in 1947, and the first men’s world championship was held in 1949, while the first women’s world championship was held in 1952. Volleyball was added to the 1964 Olympic Games for the first time in Tokyo and has since been a major sport at that session. The beach volleyball sport was created in 1986 and is very similar to regular volleyball despite the difference in the number of players. Beach volleyball was added to the Summer Olympics programme in 1996 in Atlanta.

Rules of the game

The pitch

The play area consists of pitch and free zone and the play area must be rectangular and identical

Rectangular pitch, eighteen meters long, nine meters wide His ground is planned with clear lines 5cm wide, dividing the pitch into two equal squares. The square rib is nine metres long, separated by the halfway line drawn three metres from the middle line from each side of the line parallel to the middle line zones “, each square is divided into two zones, called the near-grid area of the offensive zone, and the second zone of the defence zone. The transmission area is determined by a 15cm line and is 20 cm away from the finish line, preferably playing volleyball in a closed lounge with a ceiling height of at least seven metres.

Free Zone: It surrounds the stadium from all sides and has a minimum length of three metres and a maximum of five metres and a minimum length of three metres and a maximum of eight metres.

The grid is a minimum of nine and a half meters in length or ten meters in width of one meter, with two columns of fiberglass, the length of the column 2.80 meters, the height of the grid 2.43 meters for men and 2.24 meters for women.

The Ball

Medium ball smaller than football, lighter weight than it, ball weight from 260g to 280g, ball surroundings from 65cm to 67cm and air pressure inside the ball from 0.30 to 0.325 kg/cm2

How to Play

The player must be able to hit the ball to the opponent’s yard in a weak place or directly on someone, the most impactful of which is when the ball is prepared from one of the team members to the attacker and the latter hits it with superior speed and high precision.

The Points

The team gets a point when it succeeds in throwing the ball over the net to touch the opposition’s yard floor, when the opposition team makes a mistake, or when the opposition team gets a penalty of any kind. If the team throws the ball off the opposition floor, a point is calculated for the other team.

The Mistakes

An error is calculated on the team when any of its members act against the rules of the game, or contrary to sporting ethics. The judgement is responsible for assessing the degree of error. If two or more errors are made successively, only the first error is calculated. If either team makes two or more errors simultaneously, a double fault is calculated against it, and the dispatch is returned. Prevents the touch of the net and does not count anything when the ball touches the net

The team gets a point if it succeeds in passing the ball from its yard to its opponent’s yard and the opponent cannot respond to it, and continues to serve until the opposition team can return the ball, get a point and move the serve to it. The team wins the half (except for the decisive fifth inning), if it gets 25 points and a lead of at least two, for example (25 – 23). In the event of a draw of 24-24 each, the match will continue until one team leads with the required points, winning (26-24) or (27-25), for example. To win the game, one team has to win four runs, and if the teams draw 2-2, the game is decided by resorting to a decisive fifth half of 15 points, and the winner has to lead by at least two points.

The Free Defender “Libero”

FREE DEFENDER LIBERO plays in the back line, possesses careful control of the ball, the FREE DEFENDER must be an accomplished dispatcher and defender, and must move all over the field; With the aim of keeping the ball in the air, and not allowing it to fall on the floor of his pitch so as not to count against the opposition team.

The History of Volleyball 

The Skills

  • The first skill is transmission.
  • Followed by reception.
  • Then scroll or set up with its full types and trends.
  • And then that crushing beating is also of its own kind.
  • The barrier is defensive and offensive.
  • And finally it’s the skill of defending the pitch.
  • There are classifications that suggest adding movements and standby as skill, so it becomes 7 skills.

The History of Volleyball 

The Service (Kick-off)

  1. Submission from below: This transmission is the easiest type of transmission and it is the basic type for beginners as it needs simple power in the process of its performance and for the members of the opposing team there is no difficulty in defending it because of the slow course of the ball in its direction to the opposition stadium so we see that the players must perfectly perform.2.
  2. Lateral transmission: This type of transmission is similar to the ease of its performance with the submission facing from the bottom and is one of the favourite types for ladies and juniors for the lack of force needed to hit thanks to the arm weighted back a large distance.
  3. Dispatch from the top: It is the most widespread and used type of transmission as it is a meaningful serve, i.e. it facilitates the player to direct and control the ball and can be performed with a powerful strike that affects the difficulty and failure of receiving it. The movement of his performance is similar to that of the overwhelming batting performance and is an educational step ahead of it.

The History of Volleyball 

The Squad

The volleyball team consists of 12 players, 6 officials and 6 reserves, a coach and assistant coach, a fitness coach and a sports doctor.

The team captain and coach are responsible for the team’s overall style of play and actions.

There are three standard volleyball configurations: “4-2”, “6-2” and “5-1”. 4-2 is a basic formation used only in starter play, while 5-1 is by far the most common formation in high-level play.

The History of Volleyball 

For more information please visit https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Volleyball

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