Road Bike Racing; Cycling racing on the road is one of the main varieties of cycling racing sport, practiced outdoors, on tracks that are often asphalt roads. The sport emerged in Europe during the 19th century. It benefited from the rapid development of the technology of the bicycle industry before spreading around the world, gaining great popularity and media follow-up. Road bike Racing is held in individual or group formats, with special techniques and unique physical requirements. The essential types of sports: are straight races, stage races, and races against the clock.
Cycling on the road has been an Olympic sport since the first edition of the contemporary Summer Olympics, Athens, in 1896, and its world championships have been held since 1927.
The International Trustee of Competitions and Racing and Cycling Classification is the International Cycling Federation.
- 31 May 1868: First Road bike Racing sports competition, held in an orbit of 1200 meters in a Parisian suburb of San Clou. He won the British James Moore with a wooden bike with a stationary throat disc and iron wheels.
- 7 November 1869: The first Road bike Racing of contemporary concept, between the cities of Paris and Rouen at a distance of 123 km. James Moore won the race, 10 hours 45 minutes.
- 1881: The first National Federation (University) of France was founded, and the first National Cycling Championships (France) were organized.
- 1892: The first international gathering, London, was founded by the International Bike Association.
- 1896: Cycling on the road was a certified sport during the first edition of the contemporary Olympic Games. The competition took place 87 km, back and forth, between Athens and Marathon. The road competition was not held at the three pro-Olympic sessions, resuming during the 1912 Stockholm cycle.
- April 14, 1900: The International Federation (the current trusteeship body) was founded on the ruins of the International Bike Association, and the founding countries were then France, Belgium, the United States, Italy, and Switzerland.
- Between 1890 and 1915, a group of significant Road bike Racing formed, gaining a tremendous Iraqi and widespread over the years. These include straight races known as “landmarks,” such as the Belgian “Liege Bastoni Liege,” France (1903), and Italy (1909).
- July 21, 1927: Organizes the first World Cycling Championships on the Road at Nurburgring Circuit, Germany. The competition was a unique race, mixed between the professional and amateur cliffs, with two separate arrangements for each clique. The first professional world champion was the Italian Alfredo Binda (dissolved first), and the first amateur world champion was the Swiss Jean Ertz (dissolved fifth).
- 1958: First Women’s World Championship.
- 1984: Ranking UCI was introduced.
- 1989: UCI Road bike Racing World Cup.
- 1994: Integration of the race against the clock into the World Championships.
- 1997-2004: Progressive division system for professional teams.
- 1998: The women’s Road bike Racing World Cup ranking system was introduced.
- 2004 and 2005: UCI ProTour, or UCI Road bike Racing WorldTour, was introduced in 2010, and UCI Continental Circuits.
Criteria and Terminology
The Road bike Racing class is subject to mandatory standards related to bicycles, bike clothing, or accessories, such as counting and headlessness. The following are the most critical criteria, according to the IFAD’s itinerary:
- It should be two wheels with equal diameters, a forward rotation to guide and a rear wheel to move, via a Pedestrian system and a chain.
- The bike and its accompanying accessories must be accessible to all cycling practitioners, i.e., marketable or marketable, to ensure equal opportunities.
- Ingredients developed exclusively for certain races to break records are forbidden.
- The bike mass should be greater than 6,8 kg.
- Maximum allowable dimensions: 185cm long and 50cm wide.
- It must be by the shape, dimensions, and synthesis of metal pipes stipulated in the IFRC’s textbook.
- Its back part consists of two metallic triangles, the rib joint in a tube called a vertical fixed on top of the saddle, based on the back lower triangle heads of the rear wheel axle, and in their joint front head the pedal axis.
- A metal tube, called a diagonal, has its source in the pedestrian axis, its horizontal tube in the saddle, and the steering tube.
- The fork is based on the latter to guide the front wheel through the handlebars via an internal rotation system.
The stirring system exclusively in Road bike Racing relies on a range of mechanical components, which enable the transformation of the muscular exertion of the pheasant legs into a circulation movement of the rear wheel while reducing friction to the optimal possible conditions. Here are some definitions of components, and some essential concepts, associated with the stirring system:
- Pedal system: A problem of two pedals, each mounted on an attachment, transforms the circular motion into linear.
- Saucer: It can be unique or multiple (2 or 3), a stillness serrated disk installed on the attachment of the right, transmitting motion to the chain.
- Series: Its function of moving motion to a centered serrated disk is the axis of the rear wheel rotation. The chain is lubricated, often a polyfluoroethylene polymer (PTFE).
- Toothpick: It can be multiple with composite discs on top of each other in decreasing order by diameter (you may reach 11 tablets). In this case, the synthesis of serrated discs plays the role of a speed changer, in which case the bike is equipped with a mixture (in the handlebar), which blends the chain towards the inserted disk corresponding to the desired speed field.
- Freewheel: be installed between the toothpick disc and the rear wheel on the same axle. It is a system necessary to enable the rear wheel to rotate in case the cyclist’s legs stop moving.
- Ratio of gear: calculated by dividing the number of teeth of the saucer by the number of teeth of the toothpick. At the pace of steady leg movement, the cyclist adjusts his gear ratio, depending on the terrain and curve of the track, for optimal use of his physical energy.
- Development: The distance the bike travels in a complete pedal cycle. It is calculated by multiplying the number (constant circle) in the wheel diameter. In the competition of the small age groups, the Road bike Racing ceiling is maximized, leaving its determination to the national federations (universities). The gear ratio plays a crucial role in the development by determining the optimal combination of the dish and aging disk variants. The result is at its lowest value during the mountain stages.