Bowling; Bowling is defined as a game in which a heavy ball is rolled in a long and narrow lane towards a group of pegs or wooden pieces, and the aim is to bring down the largest number of these pegs; the game’s history is believed to date back to the Pharaohs more than 3 thousand years ago BC Traces of game tools were found in ancient graves. Modern bowling in old Germany may have originated as early as the 3rd or 4th century AD, not as a sport but as a religious celebration. Then the game was developed in several forms until it spread to different countries.
Basics of bowling
The bowler throws a bowling ball and lets it roll on a slippery lane in an attempt to bring down as many as 10 existing pegs at the end of the lane. Although bowling may look simple, it is necessary to know some important matters if you want to play or watch; here are some of these:
- The player wins if he succeeds in dropping the 10 pegs from the first attempt, called Strike, and when he can drop them from the second attempt, Spare.
- One bowling match consists of 10 innings, and the player can throw the ball twice in each role, provided that Strike does not score.
- Each bowling lane contains gutters on both sides. If the ball deflects right or left, it enters the channels and will not hit the pegs.
- If the player scores Strike, the symbol (X) is written, and the speakers are symbolized by the symbol (/).
- If the player scores 10 points, plus the number of pegs, he drops in the following two leagues by the next round.
There are also laws on bowling for players to abide by:
- Players should wear special bowling boots so as not to spoil the slippery layer on the fairway floor, disrupting the ball movement.
- The player must throw the ball from behind the red bean line and may not skip it. Otherwise, he is denied the points he scores.
- The bowling lane should run up to 18 meters, from the foul line to the pegs area.
- The maximum points a player can earn is 300 points.
- The pegs the ball drops are not counted after they have entered the side gutters and come out again.
- The player may not change the ball during the game but can change it before or after the game.
- A player can use two balls in each role, except in the tenth round.
How to calculate bowling points
In general, one point is recorded for each dowel dropped; If the player can drop more than three pegs on the first throw And then six per second, he gets a total of nine points for this role. And if a player hits 9 pegs on the first shot but misses the second, He scores nine points, and when a player fails to drop all 10 pegs after the second ball, This is known as an open role and gives the player equivalents if he can drop all 10 pegs in one role.
The following is an explanation of how points will be calculated if Strike hits are recorded:
- Round 1: Ball 1 – Drop 10 pegs (Strike)
- Round 2: Ball 1 – Drop 3 pegs
- Round 2: Ball 2 – Dropped 6 pegs
The total result of these throws is:
- Floor 1:10 + (3 + 6) = 19
- Floor 2:3 + 6 = 9
- Total = 28
A player who scores several consecutive hits will score as follows:
- Round 1: Ball 1 – 10 pegs (Strike)
- Round 2: Ball 1 – 10 pegs (Strike)
- Round 3: Ball 1 – 4 pegs
- Round 3: Ball 2 – 2 pegs
The result of these throws is:
- Floor 1:10 + (10 + 4) = 24
- Floor 2:10 + (4 + 2) = 16
- Floor 3:4 + 2 = 6
- Total = 46
The player who strikes Strike in the tenth (final) round is awarded two more balls for additional points, if these two balls also lead to Strike strikes, a total of 30 points (10 + 10 + 10) will be awarded for the turn, and these bonus points are not counted, but only as a reward for Strike.
The following explains how points are calculated if Speier’s strikes are recorded: a swipe is calculated when all pegs are dropped after the second ball of the turn.
- Role 1: Ball 1. 7 pegs, ball 2 – 3 pegs (Spear)
- Round 2: Ball 1 – 4 pegs, Ball 2 – 2 pegs
The total result of these throws is:
- Round 1:7 + 3 + 4 (bonus) = 14
- Floor 2:4 + 2 = 6
- Total = 20
Equipment used in bowling
Bowling has evolved slightly since the first indoor bowling lounge was built in 1840 in New York City, and the technology and materials used may have improved. Still, the essential equipment required for the player remained the same: a pair of bowling boots and a bowling ball.
- Bowling shoes: Each bowling lounge insists on wearing a pair of bowling shoes to play; this is mainly for two reasons: safety and performance; the surface of most bowling lounges is flat, smooth, and glossy with oil material, so regular shoes may stick to the ground, causing injuries and accidents to the ankles, wrists, and back.
- Bowling ball: A bowling ball suitable for playing is required; most bowling lounges provide the balls used by customers inside the lounge, including the essential bowling ball characteristics on friction with the surface, porosity, and mass distribution, which affects the movement of the ball as it rolls.
- Other equipment: bowlers have used different equipment over the years to protect themselves and improve their play; this equipment includes: wrist protectors, finger straps, powder (powder), shock absorbers for ankle, wrist, and elbow, microfibre canvas/towel to wipe the ball.
International Bowling Federation
The International Bowling Federation was founded in 1952 and recognized by the Olympic Committee in 1979 and included 103 members from 88 countries in all Olympic regions.