Swimming; is one of the most popular and widely practiced sports by athletes, some of whom consider it to be the pinnacle of pleasure and sport that provides them with constant activity and vitality. Swimming is mainly the movement that organisms move in the water without going to the bottom of the water surface or water pool. Swimming dates back to the Stone Age, more than 10 thousand years ago.

The first indoor swimming pool

The first indoor swimming pool was opened in 1828 under the name St. George’s to the public. Competitions in this area emerged as recreational activities in the English countryside during 1830 AD. In 1837, the National Swimming Association held regular swimming competitions in six artificial pools in London. In 1880, swimming recreational activity was the most important because of a national governing body, an amateur swimmers’ association, and more than 300 regional clubs from around the country.

Swimming Competition

Two American participants presented at the London Swimming Competition in 1844, one of the reasons why the game spread worldwide. Captain Matthew Webb was the first man to swim in the Manche Sea between England and France in 1875 on his chest. 34.21 km in 41 hours 45 minutes. European countries then established the swim unions Calmania, France, and Hungary; the first competitions on the European continent were amateur collectors in 1889 in the Austrian capital of Vienna.

The first Women’s Swimming Tournament

The first Women’s Swimming Tournament was held in Scotland in 1892; this men’s game became part of the first modern Olympics in 1896 in Athens.

Swimming in Islamic heritage

Hence, he was famous in Islamic heritage for what Omar bin Al-Khattab said about him. (teach your children to swim, shoot and ride), and today, swimming has another role; They are regarded as one of the recreational and sporting activities that earn the body many important benefits, apart from being a global sport with its competitions, patrols, and laws; The sport is one of the most important Olympic Games.

Measurements for international swimming pool


It is 50 meters. Each is 2.5 m, separated by ropes extending along the basin. It is at the height of half or three-quarters of meters above the surface of the basin water. As for the 50m international swimming pool text, 21m wide, 1.8 deep

Swimming Methods

  1. Chest Swimming:In a chest swim, the swimmer comes down to the water so that his chest touches the water, and his shoulders align with the water’s surface. He must appear part of his head above the water, take out his mouth occasionally, breathe, and act freely at the beginning of the race and during the spin, while the chest swimming races are: 50 meters, 100 meters, and 200 meters.
  2. Backstroke Swimming:In backstroke swimming, the swimmer rushes by pushing the pool wall with his feet at the start, as well as during the rotation, swimming on his back throughout the race, and the back swim races are 100 meters, 200 meters, and 50 meters.
  3. Butterfly Swimming:In the butterfly swim, the swimmer hits the water with both arms forward and above the water, then pushes them back together and relays continuously; the butterfly swimming races are 100 meters, 200 meters, and 50 meters.
  4. Freestyle Swimming:In freestyle, the contestant swims in the way he is comfortable, and in various relay and individual races, the swimmer has to swim differently than in breaststroke, back, and butterfly.

Variety relay: In this type of race, teams of 4 swimmers compete, each swimming for 100 meters.

Individual variety: In this type of racing, the swimmer travels a distance of 200 meters or 400 meters. In 200 meters, the rider swims every 50 meters in a different type, such as butterfly, back, chest, or free, while in 400 meters, the rider changes his swimming style every 100 meters.

Swimming Benefits

    • Water represents muscle resistance.
    • Health and sports research indicates that swimming for half an hour a day lowers blood pressure, strengthens the heart, reduces cholesterol, and increases blood circulation efficiency.
    • An hour’s swimming practice burns between 250 and 500 calories, depending on the strength and speed of swimming, So this sport is one of the best for weight reduction.
    • Swimming helps eliminate psychological stresses, relax the body and mind, and raise morale.
    • Water makes the body look lighter than it really is, so swimming is one of the most suitable sports for overweight people.
    • Swimming softens the arms, legs, back, and chest muscles.
    • Swimming puts the heart and lungs in good aerobic condition.
    • Swimming helps get rid of wounds and esoteric and phenomenal skates.

Swimming Risks

It is recommended not to swim after eating because swimming will cause blood to flow to the limbs and reduce blood bound to the stomach and digestive system, disrupting and delaying digestion and causing so-called indigestion. Muscle tightening is a swimming risk where it can lead to death.


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