The Tennis History
The origin of tennis games, the tennis history
This sport called several names, including the “White Game”, and the “Kings Game”, and finally settled on its current name (Tennis) as those who initially practised it were the nobility of France in the 13th century AD, but in a rudimentary way, by using the palm of the hand to hit the ball. There were then major developments in this game, where the bats were used for the first time in the 15th century, and until that time the sport was not competitive in that it was practiced as a kind of recreation, no less and no more and was not introduced by the competitive spirit until long after that date. The sport did not keep spreading from France to the European continent, where the English practised it in the 15th century, and the English are the first to be named. The first official tournament of the sport was held in England, specifically in Wimbledon, in November 1887, called the tournament. (Wimbledon) is still taking place until today, and no special association was established for this game until 1913.
How it was started:
Most historians believe that the tennis history originated in France in the twelfth century and at that time she was playing by throwing it by hand without using the racket until the 16th century that entered the racket came in this century and started playing called the racket ball and her greatest popularity was in France and England although this game was only local and Henry VIII was a fan of this game where he and his colleague Perera joined hands with two of Local doctors founded the Tennis Club, which is the world’s first resort in N ‘ in 1844.
The comprehensive system issued in 1924 by the International Tennis Federation remained significantly stable in the 80 years since and one major change was the addition of a tiebreaker system designed by James van Allen, That same year, the game of tennis withdrew from the 1924 Olympic Games but returned 60 years later to the players under 21 in 1984. Secretary-General of the International Tennis Federation David Gray and Vice-President of the International Tennis Federation Pablo Llorens and substantial support from the then President of the International Olympic Committee, Juan Antonio Samaranch, The overwhelming success of this event has had great repercussions. The International Olympic Committee decided to restore tennis as an official sport in Seoul in 1988.
The open era in tennis history began in 1968 when the four Grand Slam Grand Slams, the Australian Open, the French Open, the Wimbledon Championships and the U.S. Open were agreed to allow professional tennis players to compete in these tournaments with amateur players in the sport, i.e., those not on the professional players list.
The first time that matches were played after the Open era in the Grand Slams was at the French Open “Roland Garros”, while in the other tournaments it was the first to play after the Open Era in Bournemouth, England on April 28, 1968.
Tennis is classified according to the ground on which the matches are held, and the ground tennis game is classified in its competition according to the type of ground on which the competition is held like other games such as football, and tennis courts are classified as follows:
- Sandy playgrounds.
- Hard courts.
- Grass courts (green courts).
The dimensions of these stadiums are always constant, especially in length, and the width varies according to the contrasters as the width increases slightly in the case of doubles contests. The tennis court is a rectangle with a length of 23.77 metres, the width is constant except in the doubles competition where it increases by 1.37 metres, and in the middle of the court a net is placed exactly 91.5 centimetres wide.
The international game roles and the way it is practised
It depends on the laws of the game that the players exchange the hit of the ball on the passing of the ball over the net in the middle of the pitch and that it does not exceed the permitted limits within the rectangle and the points are counted against any of the competing players in the following cases: if he touches the ball or hits it more than once in his assigned half-field. If the player or bat touches the net in the middle of the pitch. If the player hits the ball before overtaking the net in the half-court. If the ball touches any part of its body or anything other than the net of the player’s bat.
In tennis matches there is no specific time for the game as the issue of time depends on the skill of any of the players in finishing the game in their favor and matches are held in a single and doubles system, whether for men or women, or mixed doubles, with a player and a player in each team, The match is held in a set system and each group consists of six runs In women, the match is two groups, and for men, the match has three sets. The calculation of points for the player in this game depends on the following:
- If the player wins the first point, he is counted at 15 degrees.
- If the player wins the second point, he is counted at 30 degrees.
- If the player wins the third point, he is counted at 40 degrees.
- If the player wins the fourth point in the group, he wins the half.
The Greatest in Tennis of all time
10 – Jimmy Connors: He managed to win 8 Grand Slam titles. Connors played 109 games in his football career and remained on the throne of play for 159 weeks and was farewelled at the age of 39.
9 – Ivan Lendl: Famous tennis legend Ivan Lendl succeeded in 1980 in being crowned eighth in the four Grand Slam tournaments and has risen to the Grand Slam finals 19 times and is the third most seated player on the throne of play after Pete Sampras Roger Federer.
8 – John McEnroewon: seven Grand Slam men’s singles championships alongside 9 doubles titles. McEnroe dominated the ground tennis tournaments continuously between 1979 and 1984 and throughout won most of the four major tournaments until losing in 1984 to Lendl, his best match in history when he beat Swedish legend Borg in 1980.
7 – Novak Djokovic: Novak is a young man who came in the era of Federer, Nadal and Murray but succeeded in imposing his leadership for almost two years (2011) and (2012) in the world of terrestrial tennis. Novak won eight Grand Slam tournaments and his best year is in 2011, when he achieved 10 tournaments, including three Grand Slam titles and is the only player of his time to have achieved 5 Australian Open titles with a total prize money of $ 72,444,493.
6 – André Agassi: The American short owner of the famous smile Andre Agassi succeeded in winning eight Grand Slam titles. The son of Las Vegas and the husband of famous German champion Steffi Graff remained for nearly two years among the ten big men in the tennis world beginning in 1994 as he won Olympic gold in 1992. The tennis player retired at the age of 36 with a back injury.
5 – Björn Borg: Sweden’s giants Björn Borg have 11 of the four major tournaments, including six Roland Garros, where he is distinguished by his earnestness in playing in the sandlands. Borg is one of the most prominent legends of tennis despite failing to achieve any US Open title.
4 – Rod Lever: The famous Australian tennis player born in 1938 named the main court of the Australian Open tennis tournament, after his name. Lever managed 11 Grand Slam titles, including 4 Wimbledon Championships his favorite. Lever won 392 victories for 99 losses with a 79.8% success rate.
3 – Pete Sampers: The Greek native son of California who achieved 14 of the four major championships only less than Roger Federer of Switzerland. Sampers holds the record of being at the top of the rankings for a period of 286 weeks and has also achieved 7 Wimbledon titles and was known as the Winning Device.
2 – Rafa Nadal: The great Spanish player and biggest competitor of Switzerland’s Roger Federer is the only one who had the ability to win at the expense of Swiss legend. Nadal is outstanding on clay where he achieved 11 Roland Garros titles in France.
1 – Roger Federer: One of the best born by the world of sports throughout history is the Swiss legend, who for long periods remained number 1 in the world of terrestrial tennis because of his especially great skills as a superstitious backhead. Federer has 18 more Grand Slams than any other player and played in the last eight of the major tournaments in 36 times he became the fastest and intelligent player in tennis history and the role model and dream of any young tennis player right now.