The Olympic Games History
The Olympic Games History
The old Olympic games history:
The ancient Olympics were a combination of religious and sporting festivals held every four years at the Zeus campus in Olympia, Greece. The competition took place between representatives of many city states and the Old Greece’s owners. Athletics was the main sports competition in the program of those courses, as was the program including combat sports such as wrestling and the Greek sport of Pankratio, as well as horse competitions and carriage racing events. It has been widely written that during the Games, all disputes between participating city states were postponed until the Games ended. This cessation of hostilities is known as the Olympic Peace or Truce. The armistice allowed those religious pilgrims travelling to Olympia to pass through the warring territory without harassment because they were protected by Zeus. However, this idea received some criticism, as some considered it to be merely a modern myth unfounded, because Greeks never suspended their wars. The origin of the Olympics is shrouded in mystery and legends. One of the most popular myths is Hercules and his father Zeus are the predecessors and founders of the Olympics. According to legend, Heracles was the first to call the Games “Olympic,” and established a tradition held every four years. Legend continues by recounting events that after Heracles completed his 12 works, he built the Olympic Stadium in Zeus’ honour. After completing its construction, he walked a 200-step straight line, calling this distance “stadiums” (in Greek: στάδιον), (in Latin: stadium), which later became a distance measurement unit. The most accepted date for the start of the old Olympics is 776 BC; This date is based on the inscriptions found in Olympia, which list the winners of a race that was held every four years starting from 776 BC. Old games included running events, quintuplets (jumping, disc throwing, javelin throwing, running, wrestling), boxing, wrestling, Bankratyo, and equestrian events. Traditionally, Koreibus, a cook from Ellis, was the first Olympic champion
The Olympics had a religious dimension, with the Olympics featuring sporting events along with sacrifice and sacrifice rituals for both Zeus (where his famous sculptor Vidías statue is erected at his temple in Olympia) and Bilopes, the holy hero and legendary king of Olympia. Bilops was best known for racing his vehicle with the King of the city of Bissatis King Onomaus. The Olympics had a cultural dimension, with historians, poets and sculptors commemorating winners’ victories through poems and statues. The Olympics were held every four years, and Greeks used this period known as the Olympics as one of the time measurement units. The Games were part of a course known as the Hellenic Games, which in addition to the Olympics included both the Bethlehem Games, the Nemi Games and the Isthmian Games.
The Olympics reached the peak of their success in the sixth and fifth centuries BC, but their significance began to gradually decline, coinciding with the increased dominance and influence of the Romans in Greece. Although there is no scientific consensus on when the Games will officially end, the most common date is 393 AD, when Emperor Theodosius issued a decree abolishing all pagan worship and practices. Another commonly cited date is 426 AD, when Emperor Theodosius II ordered the destruction of all Greek temples.
Modern Olympic Games:
There was several different uses of the term “Olympian” have been documented to describe some modern-day sporting events since the 17th century. The first such event was the Cotswold Games or the Cotswold Olympic Games, an annual meeting near the village of Shipping Campden in England, involving various sports. First organized by lawyer Robert Dover between 1612 and 1642, it continues to this day. In its offer to host the 2012 The Olympic Games in London, the British Olympic Association stated that the Games were the first moves of Britain’s Olympic initiatives.
There was also the Republic Olympics (L’Olympiade de la République), a national Olympic festival held annually from 1796 to 1798 in revolutionary France, in an attempt to emulate the ancient Olympics. The competition included several disciplines from the ancient Greek Olympics. The 1796 Games also featured the introduction of metric system into sport.
In 1850, the doctor William Penny Brooks invented what was called the Olympic class in the Match Winlock area of Shropshire, England. In 1859 Brooks changed the name to the Winlock Olympic Games. This sporting event is still held annually to this day. Brooks founded the Winlock Olympic Association on November 15, 1860, which is organizing the event.
Between 1862 and 1867, Liverpool City hosted and organized annual Olympics. The games were created by John Holly and Charles Milley, and were the first games for amateur athletes, as well as international in character. The programme of Athens’ first modern Olympics in 1896 was almost identical to that of the Liverpool Olympics. In 1865 William Brooks, John Holly and Ernest George Ravenstein founded the National Olympic Assembly in Liverpool, which later became the British Olympic Association. The Assembly’s founding articles and provisions played a prominent role in the development of the framework of the International Olympic Charter. After the Association’s founding in 1866, a National Olympics were held in Great Britain at Crystal Palace, London. The Olympic games History.
Reviving the Modern Olympics:
Greek interest in reviving the Olympics began in conjunction with the Greek War of Independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1821. The first to propose that the Olympics be reconvened was the poet and editor Panagiotis Sotsos in his poem “Dialogue of the Dead”, published in 1833. Evangelos Zappa, a wealthy Greek Romanian, had written to King Otto of Greece in 1856, offering to fund a permanent revival of the Olympic Games. In 1859, Zappa sponsored the first Olympic Games in honour of the “Zappa Olympics”, held in Athens. Athletes from Greece and the Ottoman Empire participated in the course. Zappa funded the restoration of Panathinaiko’s old stadium so he could host all future Olympics. The stadium hosted the Olympics in 1870 and 1875. Thirty thousand spectators were registered for the 1870 session, and there are no official attendance records available for the 1875 Games.
In 1890 Pierre de Coubertin attended the Winlock Olympic Association Olympic Games, which inspired him to establish the International Olympic Committee (IOC). Coubertin built on Brooks and Zaba’s ideas aimed at establishing a quadrennial international Olympic Games. Coubertin presented these ideas during the first Olympic conference of the newly established International Olympic Committee. This meeting was held from 16 to 23 June 1894, at the University of Paris. On the last day of the Conference, it was decided that the first Olympic Games under the auspices of the International Olympic Committee would be held in Athens in 1896. The International Olympic Committee elected Greek writer Demetrius Vekilas as its first President.
Athens Olympics 1896:
The first Olympic Games, sponsored by the International Olympic Committee, were hosted at the Panathinaiko Stadium in Athens in 1896. The games brought together 14 countries and 241 athletes who participated in 43 events. Zappa and his cousin Konstantinos Zappa had donated a deposit to the Greek government to fund the future Olympic Games. This deposit was used to help fund the 1896 Games. Businessman George Avirov also contributed to the renovation of the stadium in preparation for the games. The Greek government also provided funding, which was expected to be recovered through the sale of tickets and the sale of the first Olympic commemorative stamp collection.
Greek officials and the public were excited about the experience of hosting the first Olympics. Many athletes participated in this sentiment, even demanding that Athens be the host city of the Olympics permanently. The IOC intends to move the subsequent Games to various host cities around the world. The second Olympic session was held in Paris.
Interrupted Games 1906:
After the success of the 1896 Games, the Olympics entered a recession that threatened their survival. The Olympics, held at the Paris Fair in 1900 and the Louisiana Purchase Fair in St. Louis in 1904, were only part of the exhibition program, lasting months and even some of its records were lost. This period in the Olympic Games’ history was regarded as the weakest by all standards of the Olympic movement. However, it soon rebounded with the 1906 Intercalated Olympics, the second Olympic Games at the Third Olympics, held in Athens. The Games featured a large number of athletes and generated a great deal of public interest, marking the beginning of a rise in the Olympic Games’ popularity and size. The 1906 Games were officially recognized by the International Olympic Committee at the time (although they were no longer), and no new intruder games have been held since.
Olympic Winter Games:
The Winter Olympics were created to include snow and ice sports that were logistically impossible to hold during the Summer Games. Before the Winter Games, figure skating was part of the program of the 1908 and 1920 summer sessions, as well as ice hockey at the 1920 cycle. The IOC wanted to expand this list of sports to include other winter sports activities. At the 1921 Olympic Conference in Lausanne, a winter edition of the Olympics was scheduled. In 1924, the first Winter Olympics were held in Chamony, France, which lasted for 11 days. Although the same country was scheduled to host both winter and summer games in a given year, this idea was quickly abandoned. The International Olympic Committee has merely observed the Winter Games every four years in the same year as its summer counterpart. This tradition was preserved until the 1992 Games in Albertville, France. Thereafter and starting with the 1994 Olympic Games, the Winter Olympics are held every four years, two years after each Summer Olympics.
Evolution of participation:
Participation in the Summer Olympics grew from 241 participants, representing 14 countries in 1896, to more than 11,200 participants, representing 207 countries in 2016. The scope and size of the Winter Olympics are smaller; For example, Pyeongchang hosted 2,922 athletes from 92 countries in 2018. Most athletes and officials reside for the duration of the Games in the so-called Olympic Village. This accommodation centre is designed to be a self-sufficient home for all Olympic participants, equipped with cafeterias, health clinics and religious worship centres.
In accordance with the Olympic Charter, the International Olympic Committee allows the formation of national Olympic committees (NOCs) that represent States in the Olympic Movement. Colonies and dependencies had previously been allowed to form Olympic national committees representing them at the Olympic Games, for example territories such as Puerto Rico, Bermuda and Hong Kong, where they competed with independent delegations despite being a sovereign part of another country. The current version of the Olympic Charter allowed for the establishment of national committees only to represent States that were qualified to be independent and recognized by the international community. Consequently, the IOC did not allow the formation of St. Martin’s and Curaçao’s national Olympic committees when they acquired the same constitutional status as Aruba in 2010, although the IOC recognized the Aruba Olympic Committee in 1986. Since 2012, athletes from the former Netherlands Antilles have had the option of representing the Netherlands or Europ.
for more info please visit: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Olympic_Games